What Really Killed the Aztecs and It Wasn’t What You Think (Video)

Archaeology, Science, Science And technology

by N.Morgan

 

The mystery that has surrounded the end of the Aztec civilization may have finally been solved.

It has been 500 years since the Aztec Empire fell during the Cocoliztli epidemic, leaving behind a legacy that has been reduced to human sacrifices, fancy temples, and intricate carvings.

In the mid 16th century, the Aztecs began dying in large numbers.

Estimates place the death toll between 7 and 17 million. Whatever the infected had caused them to bleed, vomit, and develop red spots on their skin before they perished.

Five centuries later, and scientists now think they know which horrible disease was responsible: salmonella.

In a recent study published in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution, molecular paleopathologist Kirsten Bos and her team analyzed DNA from the teeth of Aztecs who died during one of two waves of disease (first in 1545, then again in 1576).

It was an analytical technique that was really the game-changer for us, ” Bos said. The major advancement was this algorithm...It offers a method of analyzing many, many, many small DNA fragments that we get, and actually identifying, by species name, the bacteria that are represented.”

The specific bacteria the program was able to pinpoint was Salmonella enterica Paratyphi C, but it was not able to identify its source.

One common belief is that the disease was brought to Mexico by the Europeans, but other studies have suggested that the bacteria originated in the land of the Aztecs and was made worse by drought.

“The Europeans who were observing the symptoms didn’t know what it was, and Europeans got it as well,” said Bos. But while they may not have been responsible for delivering the deadly package, the invaders did help open it.”

We know that Europeans very much changed the landscape once they entered the new world.

“They introduced new livestock, [and] there was lots of social disruption among the indigenous population which would have increased their susceptibility to infectious disease.”

[SOURCE]

References:

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC4rlAVgAK0SGk-yTfe48Qpw

https://www.outerplaces.com/science/item/17530-we-know-what-killed-aztecs

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Amazing Tattooed Mummy Brought Back to Life in Stunning Realistic Recreation (Video)

Archaeology, History, Mysteries, Science, Science And technology

by N.Morgan

What killed Señora of Cao in Peru 1,600 years ago may still remain a mystery, however we now have a very clear depiction of what she looked like alive.

No one knows what fatal fate of Señora of Cao nearly 1,600 years ago.

Whatever the cause of her demise, her untimely passing must have been upsetting to her people, the Moche, who lived on the north coast of Peru between approximately and 100 and 700 C.E., at least seven centuries before the more well-known Inca.

After the Señora of Cao died, the Moche took the young woman’s body to the top of a temple, carefully wrapped her tattooed corpse in 20 layers of fabric, and buried her, alongside four V-shaped crowns and other treasures, in an ornate tomb — where she would stay until she was discovered by archaeologists in 2005.

(Photos: Ira Block/National Geographic; Fundación Augusto N Wiese)

What makes Señora of Cao a special part if history is because first female noblewoman ever discovered from this civilization. And now, after years of being hidden away in a climate controlled room, she’s finally going to be exhibited to museum-goers in Peru, in a manner of speaking.

The mummy is too fragile to be shown publicly and even with careful preservation, researchers know it is bound to decay even further as time goes on. So, using the latest 3-D forensic technology, normally used to solve crimes, experts from around the world have created an exact replica of the remains as they are now.

The replica will remain intact and the researchers won’t have to worry about decay.

“That kind of record could keep this extraordinary discovery alive for many generations to come,” archaeologist Arabel Fernández López told National Geographic.

The bewigged mummy maybe interesting to look at, but she doesn’t really do justice to what the Señora once was and lacks the magnitude of her essence.

Along with the replica, researchers created an incredibly lifelike sculpture of what they think this extraordinary woman looked like when she was alive.

//assets.ngeo.com/modules-video/latest/assets/ngsEmbeddedVideo.html?guid=0000015c-fa5f-d1cb-a7fd-fedff6750002

They began by taking photos of the mummy with hand-held laser scanners. Those scans were uploaded to computer software that would strip the image of the face down to the bone.

The researchers then worked from the skull back up, adding on facial muscles and features based on their best educational guesses from studying cadavers, Moche paintings, and photographs of Peruvian people.

“It’s the exact same process you’d go through hands-on in the traditional method, adding clay to a model,” forensic artist Joe Mullins said. “But it’s rolled into the digital environment now.”

Once they had constructed the face on the computer, they used a 3-D printer to build a model, which was then decked out in clothing and jewelry that scholars thought would suit her high status in Moche society.

Finally, the finished product was unveiled at the El Brujo museum.

“It was very emotional to see that final stage of the reconstruction,” museum representative Fernández López said. “It’s as if this woman had been resurrected. I said to myself, ‘OK, Señora, you’re with us once again.’”

References:

http://undergroundscience.net/archaelogy/remarkable-tattooed-mummy-brought-back-to-life-in-stunning-realistic-recreation/

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/06/csi-tools-mummy-moche-peru-cao-brujo/?utm_source=Facebook&utm_medium=Social&utm_content=link_fb20170704news-mummy&utm_campaign=Content&sf95291149=1

History Changer: Oldest Writing System in the World Found to Predate Ancient Sumerian Text (Video)

Archaeology, History, Uncategorized

(N.Morgan) It has been discovered that the Danube Valley Civilization script is the oldest writing in the world and predates the Sumerian Writings in Mesopotamia and the Dispilo Tablet. Although the Danube Valley civilization isn’t nearly as famous as other ancient cultures around the world, is it one of the oldest civilization to exist in Europe, developing from around 5,500 and 3,500 BC in an area known today as the Balkans, a vast area of land that stretches from Northern Greece to Slovakia (South to North), and Croatia to Romania (West to East).

The Danube civilization was found to be one of the most influential and important cultures in south-eastern Europe, being among the first civilizations to develop copper tools, advanced architecture, including two-story houses, design and production of furniture, and most importantly a writing system. All of this occurred while most parts of Europe were in the Stone Age, and advanced development was nowhere to be seen. This ancient civilization from the Balkans developed unprecedented skills like weaving, leather processing, clothes manufacturing and they invented the wheel.

Nevertheless the most prominent feature of the Danube Valley Civilization is without a doubt, is the controversial written language they invented. Many archaeologists believe the Danube Valley script isn’t a written language but a collection of geometric shapes, others believe that this is one of the first writings systems to ever appear on Earth. In fact, if this theory is proven to be accurate, it would mean that it is the oldest written language ever found on Earth, predating the well-known Sumerian Writings in Mesopotamia and the Dispilo Tablet which according to researchers dates back to 5360 BC.

As reported by Harald Haarmann, who is a German linguistic and cultural scientist, currently, vice-president of the Danube script predates the Sumerian writings and should be considered as the oldest writing in the world. The inscriptions in the tablets found from the Danube Valley Civilization date back to at least 5,500 BC, and the mysterious symbols that make up the written language are yet to be deciphered.

The symbols seen on numerous tablets from the Danube civilization are also called the Vinca symbols and are found across multiple archaeological sites across the Danube Valley areas. The symbols have been found to be recorded on pottery, figurines, spindles and other clay artifacts.

 

Danube Valley Civilization Script Is The Oldest Writing In The World [Video]

A History Changer

The fact that the writing system developed by the Danube Valley Civilization is the oldest in the world is definitely a history changer. Not only is there evidence to support this theory present on clay tablets, but researchers have found thousands of artifacts with the Danube Valley Script on countless figurines. To date, researchers have found approximately 700 different characters in the Danube Valley Script, a number similar to the characters used in Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs.

Despite the fact that mainstream archaeologists suggest these symbols are not a writing system but mere decorations comes from the same inability to explain other findings across the globe. It seems that every time, something that challenges mainstream views on history and development of the human race is found, mainstream scholars close their eyes and decide to ignore it.

Yet there are scholars who also suggest that the Danube Valley Civilization actually copied the symbols and writing system of Ancient Mesopotamia, claims that are absurd when you realize that some clay tablets from the Danube Valley Civilization are older than many clay tablets from ancient Mesopotamia.

If anything, this incredible ancient civilization surely deserves a more appropriate study and scientific approach, one which could teach us a thing or two about ancient civilizations on Earth. Haarmann’s proposal deserves a better look at what could prove to be one of the most important and controversial ancient civilizations on Earth.

References:

http://www.ancient-code.com/

http://video.beforeitsnews.com/danube-valley-civilization-script-is-the-oldest-writing-in-the-world_74cfa5aa6.html

March Of The Titans

A 1,000 Years In The Making, Secret Cave Revealed To Public (Video and Photos)

Archaeology, History, Uncategorized

(N.Morgan)  China’s history is long and rich known for its abundance of art and culture.

Evidence has shown that this long history spans all the way back to prehistoric times.

Every year there are more amazing archaeological discoveries made about this ancient and mystic land.

The most recent discovery is a temple which is believed to have been erected during the the 7th century Tang Dynasty.

The rise of the Tang dynasty in China mirrored the rise of the Han over 800 years earlier.

Like the Han dynasty before them, the Tang dynasty was created after the fall of a ruthless leadership.

And like the Han before them, the Tang dynasty had their own powerful leader, Emperor Tai-tsung.

The decision was made for the cave to be opened to the public for the first time in a 1,000 years.

The cave was sealed to protect the precious contents inside and to preserve the history found within its walls.

The temple’s grand opening took place on March 10th.

This remarkable temple is made up of a astonishing 2,300 caves which are all connected in this magical place.

As if the enormity of the cave wasn’t mind boggling enough, it is also believed to possess 110,000 statues and artifacts in its depths.

Historians were able to date which dynasty by the artwork they discovered.

Sadly, many of the caves were damaged from China’s Cultural Revolution that took place between 1966 and 1976.

The Fall of the Golden Age – The Tang Dynasty

However through tireless work and dedication, many of the caves have been restored and are almost ready for the public to view.

References:

http://www.conspiracyclub.co/2016/03/05/ancient-china/

http://www.ushistory.org/civ/9d.asp

IT’S HISTORY

http://video.beforeitsnews.com/the-fall-of-the-golden-age-the-tang-dynasty_2f9140778.html

The Mysterious Secrets Of New York City’s Underworld (Videos)

Archaeology

(N.Morgan) As the busy New York streets hustle and bustle with activity, noise, and vendors peddling their various wares, just beneath the surface lurks an unknown and mysterious world, separate and secluded from the noise above.

The constant buzz of the city above is nothing compared to the powerful lure of the past and the fascinating secrets hidden just beneath one’s feet! We will explore hundreds of feet beneath the pavement to reveal masked worlds that literally make up the foundations of today’s greatest cities.

Engineers, architects, and archaeologists leave the metropolitan chaos behind to travel deep under the city streets into the meandering tunnels, abandoned subway lines, veiled water supplies, dank dungeons, eerie tombs, clandestine hideouts and forgotten cities that have been lost to the hands of time.

In the videos below, we will explore this strange underworld that has been long forgotten. Urban explorer Steve Duncan will be our guide and goes places nobody in their right mind would go, examining hidden infrastructure — the tunnels, subways, and sewers — of cities all over the world. Watch him reveal New York City’s secret underground world.

[VIDEO]

[VIDEO 2]

References:

http://jalopnik.com/5723418/the-secret-underground-world-of-new-york-city?utm_expid=66866090-67.e9PWeE2DSnKObFD7vNEoqg.0&utm_referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2F

http://video.beforeitsnews.com/the-mysterious-secrets-of-new-york-citys-underworld_830139673.html

https://vimeo.com/18280328

Is The Quest For The Holy Grail Finally Over? (Video)

Archaeology, History

 

 

(N.Morgan) A recent discovery has turned the archeology world on its head! They may have found the Holy Grail the goblet Jesus and his disciples drank from at the Last Supper. Could this be the very cup that touched Our Lord’s lips? In their newly published book “Los Reyes del Grial” (“The Kings of the Grail”), medieval history lecturer Margarita Torres and art historian José Miguel Ortega del Rio claim the Holy Grail rests inside the Basilica of San Isidoro in the northern Spanish city of León. The historians say that a three-year investigation led to their conclusion that the hallowed cup that Jesus Christ supposedly drank from at the Last Supper and that was used to collect his precious blood is a jewel-encrusted goblet that has long been known as the chalice of the Infanta Doña Urraca in honor of the daughter of King Ferdinand I, ruler of León and Castile from 1037 to 1065.

 

 

The chalice, made of gold and onyx and sprinkled with precious stones, is actually two goblets fused together, one turned up, the other down. Torres and del Rio say the upper half is made of agate and missing a fragment, exactly as described in the Egyptian parchments. The co-authors report that scientific dating has placed the origin of the cup between 200 B.C. and 100 A.D. As the Irish Times reports, the co-authors concede they cannot definitively prove that the chalice actually touched Jesus’s lips, only that it is the vessel that early Christians revered as the one used at the Last Supper. “The only chalice that could be considered the chalice of Christ is that which made the journey to Cairo and then from Cairo to León—and that is this chalice,” Torres told the newspaper. Since the book’s publication last week, the basilica has been inundated with visitors, forcing curators to remove the relic from display until they can find a larger exhibition space to accommodate the crowds.

 

 

Nanteos-Cup

My only dispute with this claim that this is the chalice Our Lord drank from, is that He and his disciples were poor and the cup was probably a plain, wooden vessel, like the one pictured above. So could they have really found the grail? Or is this another mistake?

 

 

 

SPAIN-RELIGION-GRAIL

 

 

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The Unexplained Superior Technology Of Ancient Egypt (Video)

Archaeology, History

(N.Morgan) The ancient Egyptian culture was ahead of its time, in regards to technologies and innovations. They left us clues to their secrets, in writings and hieroglyphics. The pyramids have baffles researcher and historians alike.  Deciphering the meaning of strange symbols in Egyptian art gives insight into ancient knowledge of sacred cosmology. A new way of interpreting hieroglyphics. In the video below, evidence that the Ancient Egyptians used high level technology to construct pyramids and temples is shown. Scientists discuss the source of .

 

 

eg2

eg

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The Pre-Stonehenge Caucasian Man.. Not Just Another Pretty Face…. (Video)

Archaeology, History

(N.Morgan) One of the things I’ve found most remarkable in technological advances, has been forensics ability to give the faceless a face. This intriguing look into what a Stonehenge native may have looked like is amazing!

The man who was reproduced to look as one would 500 years ago, is a startling discovery in that there’s no “cave man” like features, he looks like anyone. The video below gives the step by step transformation from bone structure, to full face. I think he looks a bit like Heath Ledger.

stonehege

© English Heritage Forensic analysis of a prehistoric skull gives the UK’s most iconic monument a human face

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Discovery Of Ancient Egyptian Tomb Of Khonsuemheb

Archaeology, Environment, History

(N.Morgan) Prof. Jiro Kondo and a mission from Waseda University’s Institute of Egyptology,made an amazing discovery! They discovered a private tomb of Khonsuemheb, in the el-Khokha area of the Theban necropolis, across the Nile from Luxor. This remarkable discovery uncovered a beautifully preserved and elegantly decorated tomb, with painting adorning the walls. This tomb probably dates back to the Ramesside period.

 

tomb

Images of Khonsuemheb (center) and his Family. (Credit: Copyright : Waseda University Institute of Egyptology)

 

 

The tomb was discovered while the Japanese team was cleaning the forecourt of the tomb of Userhat (wsr-HAt, TT 47), overseer of the king’s private apartment (imy-r ipt-nswt) under Amenhotep III. The tomb of Khonsuemheb is connected to an unfinished tomb hewn in the southern wall of the forecourt of Userhat’s tomb, and has a T-shaped plan.

Most of the walls and ceiling of the transverse hall are decorated. On the side wall of the northern part of the transverse hall, the tomb owner Khonsuemheb, his wife Mutemheb, and his daughter Isetkha are represented as statues. Several different motifs representing Khonsuemheb and his family are painted on the walls of the transverse hall.

 

 

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